CSE Mains Philosophy Syllabus

By | June 6, 2015

Paper – I

History and Problems of Philosophy:

    1. Plato and Aristotle: Ideas; Substance; Form and Matter; Causation; Actuality and Potentiality.
    2. Rationalism (Descartes, Spinoza, Leibniz): Cartesian Method and Certain Knowledge; Substance; God; Mind-Body Dualism; Determinism and Freedom.
    3. Empiricism (Locke, Berkeley, Hume): Theory of Knowledge; Substance and Qualities; Self and God; Scepticism.
    4. Kant: Possibility of Synthetic a priori Judgments; Space and Time; Categories; Ideas of Reason; Antinomies; Critique of Proofs for the Existence of God
    5. Hegel: Dialectical Method; Absolute Idealism
    6. Moore, Russell and Early Wittgenstein: Defence of Commonsense; Refutation of Idealism; Logical Atomism; Logical Constructions; Incomplete Symbols; Picture Theory of Meaning; Saying and Showing.
    7. Logical Positivism: Verification Theory of Meaning; Rejection of Metaphysics; Linguistic Theory of Necessary Propositions.
    8. Later Wittgenstein: Meaning and Use; Language- games; Critique of Private Language.
    9. Phenomenology (Husserl): Method; Theory of Essences; Avoidance of Psychologism.
    10. Existentialism (Kierkegaard, Sartre, Heidegger): Existence and Essence; Choice, Responsibility and Authentic Existence; Being-in-the –world and Temporality.
    11. Quine and Strawson: Critique of Empiricism; Theory of Basic Particulars and Persons.
    12. Carvaka : Theory of Knowledge; Rejection of Transcendent Entities.
    13. Jainism: Theory of Reality; Saptabhaòginaya; Bondage and Liberation.
    14. Schools of Buddhism: Pratîtyasamutpada; Ksanikavada, Nairatmyavada
    15. Nyaya- Vaiúesika: Theory of Categories; Theory of Appearance; Theory of Pramana; Self, Liberation; God; Proofs for the Existence of God; Theory of Causation; Atomistic Theory of Creation.
    16. Samkhya: Prakrti; Purusa; Causation; Liberation
    17. Yoga: Citta; Cittavrtti; Klesas; Samadhi; Kaivalya.
    18. Mimamsa: Theory of Knowledge
    19. Schools of Vedanta: Brahman; Îúvara; Atman; Jiva; Jagat; Maya; Avidya; Adhyasa; Moksa; Aprthaksiddhi; Pancavidhabheda
    20. Aurobindo: Evolution, Involution; Integral Yoga.

Paper – II

Socio-Political Philosophy:

    1. Social and Political Ideals: Equality, Justice, Liberty.
    2. Sovereignty: Austin, Bodin, Laski, Kautilya.
    3. Individual and State: Rights; Duties and Accountability
    4. Forms of Government: Monarchy; Theocracy and Democracy.
    5. Political Ideologies: Anarchism; Marxism and Socialism.
    6. Humanism; Secularism; Multiculturalism.
    7. Crime and Punishment: Corruption, Mass Violence, Genocide, Capital Punishment.
    8. Development and Social Progress.
    9. Gender Discrimination: Female Foeticide, Land and Property Rights; Empowernment.
    10. Caste Discrimination: Gandhi and Ambedkar

Philosophy of Religion:

    1. Notions of God: Attributes; Relation to Man and the World. (Indian and Western).
    2. Proofs for the Existence of God and their Critique (Indian and Western).
    3. Problem of Evil.
    4. Soul: Immortality; Rebirth and Liberation.
    5. Reason, Revelation and Faith.
    6. Religious Experience: Nature and Object (Indian and Western).
    7. Religion without God.
    8. Religion and Morality.
    9. Religious Pluralism and the Problem of Absolute Truth.
    10. Nature of Religious Language: Analogical and Symbolic; Cognitivist and Noncognitive.

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